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辽宁葫芦岛六校协作体17-18学年高一12月月考试卷--英语(解析版)

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With this list, go to travel now! Northern Vietnam Vietnam is known as a cheap place to travel around, but Hanoi, the north area, often gets ignored by travelers. This is truly a shame, because Northern Vietnam is where the most wonderful scenery and culture can be found. Rice fields, high mountains, winding roads and friendly people are also found there. Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan With 93 percent of the nation covered in mountains and a rich history and culture that goes back to thousands of years, Kyrgyzstan is one of the most wonderful countries in the world. The capital city, Bishkek, is an unbelievable center for exploring Central Asia, with Silk Road remnants(残余部分)like the Burana Tower just a short drive away. Lisbon Portugal Lisbon offers a good mix of museums, historic buildings, electric music and nightlife, and squares and cafes. You will fall in love with this city when you visit it. It is much less expensive than many other European travelling places, so travelers can afford it Seoul, South Korea Seoul is an attractive place filled with high-tech, modern and historic buildings, delicious Korean food all at bottom prices. Plus, since Seoul is a major city, it is easy to get to it. 1. The nation mentioned in the text with most places covered in mountains is_____. A. Vietnam B. South Korea C. Portugal D. Kyrgyzstan 2. What do Lisbon and Hanoi have in common according to the text? A. They are not very expensive for tourists to travel around B. They are not popular with tourists in the world C. They become famous for Silk Road D. They lie in the north of Asia 3. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text? A. To show how to travel B. To show famous building C. To introduce some tourist areas D. To introduce some European countries. 【答案】1. D 2. A 3. C 【解析】文章介绍了几个旅游的好去处。 1. 细节理解题。根据With 93 percent of the nation covered in mountains可知大部分被山脉覆盖的国家是Kyrgyzstan,故选D。 2. 细节理解题。根据文中句子Vietnam is known as a cheap place to travel around,和It is much less expensive than many other European travelling places, so travelers can afford it可知的共同点是Lisbon和Hanoi的共同点是去那旅行消费不高。故选A。 3. 主旨大意题。根据With this list, go to travel now!和文章内容,可知文章向我们介绍了几个旅游的好地方。故选B。 B Every day, a homeowner in Pennsylvania is reminded of a mistake he made 13 years ago. At around 8 in the evening, his peaceful house comes alive with the noise of an alarm clock he dropped into the wall over ten years ago. It’s been stuck in the wall ever since. 13 years ago, Jerry Lynn wanted to make a hole through his living room wall, so he could pass the television cable (电缆)through it. He didn’t want to destroy any pipes in the wall, so he came up with a good idea to make sure that he was drilling(钻孔) in an empty place. He took his alarm clock, tied it to a string(线) and set it to go off in 10 minutes. Then he lowered it into the wall, and waited for it to ring. His goal was to drill a hole in a safe place near the place where the ringing was coming from, making sure that there was nothing to pass through there. It all went smoothly until the alarm clock fell into the wall. The man didn’t get back the alarm clock, but thought it would probably run out of battery(电池)in several months, so he wasn’t too worried about it. But 13 years later, the alarm clock still rings every day. As you can imagine, Jerry and his wife have gotten used to the ringing living room wall, but it can still surprise guests. So Jerry decides to pull down that wall, just to stop that boring thing, though after putting up with it for 13 years, he think it will be a pity. He says, “I’ve never herd of a clock battery lasting that long and my friends think it may be interesting to see how long it will keep ringing for.” 4. What mistake did Jerry make? A. He forgot setting his alarm clock B. He drilled a hole in an empty place C. He broke an alarm clock 13 years ago D. He let an alarm clock stuck in the wall 5. Why did Jerry put a clock into the wall? A. To remind him to get up early B. To find a safe place to make a hole C. To work out how long he would drill D. To make his work easy and enjoyable. 6. What does the author mean by “go off” in Paragraph 2? A. Stop B. Ring C. Calm down D. Come out 7. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. The clock will be left there as it is B. Jerry’s guests are afraid of the clock C. Jerry will pull down the wall to get the clock D. The clock will keep ringing for another 13 years. 【答案】4. D 5. B 6. B 7. C 【解析】本文是一篇记叙文。13年前一个闹钟意外地掉在了墙里面,房东一家虽然已经习惯闹钟,但是为了不让客人感到奇怪,决定把墙拆毁把闹钟拿出来。 4. 细节理解题。根据第一段的最后一句It’s been stuck in the wall ever since.以及第二段叙述的整件事情的经过,可知Jerry犯的错误是在13年前把一个闹钟卡在了墙里。故选D。 5. 细节理解题。根据第二段的句子His goal was to drill a hole in a safe place near the place where the ringing was coming from, making sure that there was nothing to pass through there.他的目的是为了在一个安全的地方钻个孔。故选B。 6. 词义猜测题。联系下一句then he lowered it into the wall, and waited for it to ring. “他把闹钟放到墙里面,等着它响”可判断上句的意思是他把闹钟系在一根绳上,设置在10分钟之后响,可知“go off”的意思是ring。故选B。 7. 细节理解题。根据最后一段的内容So Jerry decides to pull down that wall, just to stop that boring thing,可知Jerry要把墙拆毁,把闹钟拿出来。故选C。 【名师点睛】 文章细节的理解可以细化为:(1)一一对应型。答案与题目在表达形式和意义上直接吻合,一一对应,一目了然。属于浅层次的阅读试题,分数比例较少。(2)语言转述型。这是一类间接事实细节题,答案与题目在意义上从分运用了词义之间的转述关系,即正确选项是原文有关词语和句子的另类表达。属于中档难度题,分数比例较大。(3)语意理解型。这是一类深层事实细节理解题,答案与题目之间存在着一定的逻辑联系,这种联系需要建立在事实的基础上通过上、下文来进行判断、分析、归纳和整合,才能得出正确答案。属于较高难度的事实细节题。(4)是非辨别型。这是一类综合事实细节题,出题形式常常是“三正一误”(三项正确,只有一项不符合原文内容)或“三误一正”(三项错误,只有一项符合原文内容)。(5)事实排序型。这是一类运用多项事实进行排序的事实细节题,要求根据动作发生的先后顺序、时间顺序或者句子之间的逻辑关系,找出时间发生,发展的正确顺序。本文主要考查对文章细节的把握。例如:本文的第2小题: 2.B【解题剖析】此题属于细节理解中的(1)一一对应型。直接可以在文章中找到对应的答案。 【推理关系】题干Why did Jerry put a clock into the wall?根据题干中的put a clock into the wall可知把答案定位在文章第二段介绍那次经历的内容。 【答案定位】His goal was to drill a hole in a safe place near the place where the ringing was coming from, making sure that there was nothing to pass through there. 文章内容

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